Vietnam exports an abundance of metal windows and doors due to its dynamic economy.

Given its complex letter-diacritic combinations, physical Vietnamese keyboards would be impractical. Therefore, software-based keyboard layouts or input methods (IMEs) are used instead.

Telex and Unikey are two of the most well-known voice encryption programmes, both capable of being installed on your computer system.


Modernism, one of the most influential design movements of the 20th century, was tailored specifically to Vietnamese conditions and culture. It advocated simple forms without ornamentation that prioritised function over form; this approach helped reframe Vietnamese architecture while simultaneously infusing architectural forms with spiritual and decorative qualities previously lacking from global modernism.

Modernism in Vietnam: Houses and Apartment Blocks explores this architectural legacy and unveils an unrecognised centre of innovation. The book focuses on 1945–1975 as an unprecedented golden age for Vietnamese architects; during this period, they developed principles and techniques that would establish their country as an unrivalled centre of architectural innovation.

This book investigates how architects adapted modernism to their local context and culture, especially dwelling structures. It shows how architects made subtle alterations to building shapes to express their function while reflecting local cultural values; additionally, they developed a sophisticated understanding of materials like glass and concrete that create an airiness and lightness of being.

These changes were critical in adapting buildings to tropical climates. This was particularly applicable to apartments and shophouses constructed by local communities. Furthermore, this book explores how Vietnamese architects incorporated classical architectural features into their designs—for example, by repeating elements such as thin bands of horizontal slits into building facades—while using both concrete and steel in creating structural frames to reflect local architectural tradition and contrast with fussy French villas during colonial times.

The authors argue that adding these elements to modernist buildings from Vietnam made them more beautiful and meaningful than their Western counterparts, demonstrating how well Vietnamese architects were at expressing their artistic sensibility and spirituality through architecture than their European counterparts were.

This book presents photographs of buildings that showcase the distinctiveness of Vietnamese modernist architecture. One building at 95 Pasteur Street in Ho Chi Minh City displays intricate brise-soleil sun shades that form an eye-catching pattern along the facade; similarly, another building on Nguyen Hue Boulevard also has similar shading that creates patterns across its facade and balcony floor.


Vietnamese houses feature windows, window blinds and doors adorned with fancy ironwork ornaments for both aesthetics and functionality. Modern houses can feature triple glazing windows.

The ironwork architecture of Vietnamese windows and door forms reflect international design trends as well as local makers’ creativity; as such, they differ substantially from Taiwanese or Chinese ironworks, which often tend towards abstraction. Each window boasts its own distinct pattern such as fingerprints or snowflakes – no two are ever identical! This results from Vietnamese culture being eclectic by nature; new ideas are always welcome here.


One of the most charming sights in Vietnam are houses adorned with decorative ironwork. Be it on doors, windows, or balconies, these ornamentations are truly amazing to behold. Some resemble eyelashes, while others feature intricate patterns that combine different motifs from various styles into one cohesive design, reflecting both craftsmen’s creativity and customers’ tastes alike for creating lasting beauty that draws you back for more every time you pass by it.

Vietnam is well known for its beautiful architecture, featuring charming ironwork homes that make a striking statement. But Vietnamese homes stand out even more thanks to their spacious layouts and charming exteriors that combine functionality with rustic charm and reflect Vietnamese cultural values and ethnic heritage.

Home on stilts are an excellent solution for residents living in floodplains, providing protection from rising waters while providing natural ventilation and creating spacious layouts that facilitate multi-generational living—perfect for fostering strong family ties!

Vietnam is well known for its earthen-walled houses. Constructed using local materials and featuring thick walls for insulation purposes, these dwellings demonstrate Vietnam’s signature spirit of self-reliance and resourcefulness.

Modern Vietnamese houses typically consist of multiple floors constructed from various materials. Their flat concrete roof may feature tiles or even mezzanines as an extra floor in the home; stairs are an important feature that often leads to the entrance or centre of a structure.

Vietnamese is unique in that its use of diacritics does not conform to standard Unicode encodings (TCVN 5712, VSCII, or VNI), so their characters cannot be directly translated to other languages or understood by software programmes that support Unicode.


Vietnam’s architecture possesses its own distinctive aesthetic, reflecting its history. Vietnam was part of Imperial China for millennia before experiencing political and economic reforms; these reforms produced an architecture style that blends modernity with tradition.

Vietnamese architecture is distinguished by the use of indigenous paints to protect wooden parts from humidity and termites, with walls often painted yellow-red to emphasise gilded decorations and stylized lotus or chrysanthemum flowers, dragons and phoenixes, clouds and water waves, fairies, musicians, and ordinary life scenes depicting everyday Buddhist images such as “being and non-being,” as well as stylized Chinese characters such as “van,” “phuc,” and “loc.”.

Vietnam is known for its traditional designs as well as its innovative skyscrapers found throughout city centers. These structures represent Vietnam’s rapid economic development while creating urban planning challenges and green space preservation challenges. Of particular note is The Sun Tower, an eye-catching building in Hanoi designed by BM Windows that beautifully fuses modernism with Vietnam’s culture and heritage, serving as an inspirational testament to the harmony between tradition and modernity.

The building design is composed of geometric forms combined to form an abstract sculpture. It features two curved towers reminiscent of Vietnamese phoenixes on its facade; inside, there are acoustic panels that help reduce noise and vibrations.

Bridge aluminium has proven itself as an extremely durable material with 500–1,300 times better thermal performance than regular aluminium, providing protection from the harsh climate in Northern Vietnam and withstanding earthquakes and high winds. Furthermore, this building was designed specifically to withstand earthquakes and strong winds.

The Sun Tower stands as an outstanding symbol of the harmony between tradition and modernity in Vietnamese architecture. Not only is it beautiful to look at, but it also represents innovation, national pride, and Vietnamese commitment to global success and prosperity.